About Port and Harbour Security

The huge growth of shipping industry around the world and the globalisation of the container business have brought about its own security problems that lead to increased threats to ports and harbours worldwide.
As a result, a comprehensive code was developed in response to the perceived threats to ports and ship facilities in the wake of the 9/11 attack in the United States. The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) issued the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code as an amendment to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS). All international ports and harbours are required to execute the Code.
Terrorist threat attacks still remain a growing concern on harbours, oil platforms, terminals, underwater pipelines, naval bases, shipping and coastal facilities. As matter machinery industry in india of fact, terrorist organisations are now training their operatives in diving techniques and the risks of facilities attack from diver teams are now very much real.
Therefore, it is necessary now more than ever to implement strict port and harbour security. There is a wide range of security and defense solutions, electrical prefab which can be employed to immediately detect and react to such threats which includes Anti-diver nets, Radar and Sonar amongst others.
Aside from these port and harbour security devices, it is also necessary to provide a means of communication and if needed, interference to any divers detected in the area.
Terrorist attacks are not the only concern with regards to port and harbour security, it also includes trafficking of people, weapons, narcotics, explosives as well as pilfering. This is why security devices such as baggage scanners, portal scanners, mobile x-ray vehicles, explosives and narcotics detection, and walk-through metal detectors are also needed in order to help security personnel deal with different levels of security threats.
The passage of people and vehicles into ports and harbours on the other hand can be regulated through the help of Entry solutions such as gates, barriers, bollards, rising vehicle ramps, and turnstiles. Further access on restricted areas can be effectively controlled using range of Access Control solutions, which includes Biometric security, advanced door lock systems, and cutting-edge I.D. verification. Ship Security Alert System (SSAS) Radar and Long Range Thermal Cameras can monitor shipping in compliance with the Solas regulations.…

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What Nobody Told You About Beer Diseases

Beer Diseases

Look this up on the search engines and you will not find out very much. Look for beer diseases in brewing books and you will find silence (except to say that you must guard against them). Look for beer diseases in published literature and you will discover references to Louis Pasteur’s work of 1876 which pretty much covered the subject.

Unless you do something really gross there are two diseases you will come across, film yeast and vinegar bacteria.

Film yeast is insidious. Symptoms of film yeast in your home brew are:-

A dusty looking scum on top of your beer.

If sampled the affected beer will taste weak and vaguely unpleasant .

Film yeast is an aerobic yeast which destroys the alcohol by converting it into carbon dioxide and water. Alcohol importance of maintenance is its food. It does not immediately make the beer sour, but it quickly makes your home brew undrinkable.

There are three causes. Firstly the fermentation bucket was not cleaned properly after a previous infection. Secondly the beer was exposed too long to the air, which carries film yeast around. Thirdly the fermentation was too slow (actually this cause is connected to the previous one).

Sterilising with chlorine, iodine or sulfur based sterilizing agents will sort out the first. Rapid fermentation and prompt bottling will sort out the other two, so make sure that your yeast is good before you start; don’t kill it by adding it to wort that is too high tech dassault warm; don’t let the fermentation hang for lack of warmth. Lastly bottle your home brew as soon as its clear. You may want to use isinglass or egg whites to clear the home brew more rapidly. I have had numerous film yeast infections mostly due to late bottling.

As lager is slower fermenting you need to take an extra precaution: use a closed fermentation bin with an airlock. Top fermentation beers can be fermented in an open bin, simply covered with a cloth.

Vinegar infections are much less common. The bacterium converts alcohol (its food) to vinegar. The brew is immediately unpleasant and sour to drink. I can remember only one vinegar infection in 20 years of brewing.

Beer is protected to an extent by the hops which are a preservative, and both diseases attack weaker brews more easily than strong ones.

Incidentally, wine is subject to the same diseases: though stronger it has no protection from hops and so most wines are dosed with sulfur instead.

Happy brewing…

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Fire Safety Equipment You Will Learn About In Fire Safety Training

Fires are known to cause loss of not only property, but life also. They become uncontrollable easily and you need to be prepared to protect yourself if you are ever caught in a fire.
Fire safety training is available online and through various training institutes and it equips you will all the necessary knowledge regarding welder mig for sale fire safety and fire prevention. During your training you will learn about certain equipment or items that are necessary for fire safety.
Those equipment units and items are mentioned below.
• Fire doors: Many institutions and buildings have installed special fire doors. These fire doors are programmed to shut automatically when a fire breaks out. This is to contain the smoke and fire to a smaller area so it can be put off easily. Once the fire spreads over a larger area, it becomes very difficult to put it off. You must never block a fire door from closing properly.
• Fire Alarm System: Smoke alarms are installed in big buildings, offices, and homes as well. The alarm is activated as soon as it detects the presence of smoke or there is a flow of water in the irrigation pipe or if someone pulls the alarm manually. The alarms will keep ringing on the level where there is a fire and the levels above and below it until they are shut down by someone. The manual alarms are red in color and are usually installed all around the building. Special alarms flashing lights are also available for the visually impaired people.
• Sprinklers: Sprinkles are placed on ceilings. They are activated when they detect heat. The sprinklers do not get activated equipment maintenance log template all together but separately. When it is activated, water is released all around, and it is very effective in putting off a fire.
• Fire Extinguishers: Fire extinguishers must also be located all across different floors of a building. You should not need to move more than 75 feet to be able to find one. They should be placed in accessible areas and access must not be restricted. During fire safety training you will be taught in detail, how to operate fire extinguishers, so that if you are stuck in a fire you know what to do.
In a fire, you must remember never to panic. You must attempt to restrict the fire to a smaller area and try to control it until the firefighters arrive. Fire safety training emphasizes on RACE when facing a fire emergency. ‘R’ stands for ‘Rescue’. First you must rescue those who are injured and those in the immediate path of the fire. ‘A’ stands for ‘Alarm’. Notify others by triggering the nearest alarm. ‘C’ denotes ‘Confine’ and ‘Call’. Confine the smoke and fire to a smaller area by shutting off the doors and call the emergency department. Lastly, ‘E’ stands for ‘Extinguish’ and ‘Evacuate’. If the fire is small and manageable, extinguish it, otherwise evacuate.
Thus you can see that …

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