Avalanche Safety Equipment is a Proven Lifesaver

Just after Christmas day in 2009 three separate avalanches in Italy killed seven people. Among those swept to their deaths were experienced instructors and alpine guides who were searching at night and under difficult conditions for members of an earlier party that had also been buried under snow. The tragic deaths right at the start of the snow sport season highlighted once again the dangers posed by avalanches to outdoor sports enthusiasts and is a reminder of the need to take basic precautions to minimise the risk of death or injury.
Avalanche awareness has increased among skiers and snowboarders in recent years and many are now skilled in assessing risk. Training and hazard avoidance has to be the first line of protection for all those venturing out. Yet assessing the risk of a snow slide is an imperfect science, despite much research into the field in recent years, and highly experienced guides still fall victim to avalanches. This highlights the need for additional protection. In recent years there has been a clear trend in the adoption of basic avalanche rescue gear by skiers and snowboarders. This is backed by law in some jurisdictions such as in Italy where skiers are required to carry a minimum of a snow shovel, avalanche beacon (sometimes known as a rescue transceiver) and snow probe before venturing off piste.
Wider adoption of basic rescue equipment appears to have contributed to a reduction in the proportion of fatalities among victims of avalanche slides. The number of people killed by Avalanches in Switzerland, for instance, had fallen in recent years from around 30 a year in the early 2000s to the low teens food industry companies by the late 2000s. Tragically this number increased sharply in the 2008/2009 skiing season. Research by the Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research has found that at least part of the reason for the reduction in deaths may be attributed to skiers and snowboarders carrying rescue beacons.
The chances of a successful rescue of people buried in an avalanche slide depend largely on how long they are under the snow. Those that are only shallowly buried with clothing or parts of their bodies visible on the surface can usually be found quickly and dug up within about 10 minutes. They have an 85% chance of surviving. It found that the overall chance of surviving if located using a transceiver was about 50%. That figure had, however, improved dramatically by the late 1990s when the chances of being rescued alive when located by snow beacon food processing magazine had increased to about 75% from about 35% in the 1980s, according to the research. This indicated greater training in the use of transceivers as the ones being used at the time in Switzerland were largely analogue beacons. The impact of the widespread introduction of digital avalanche transceivers over the past decade was not measured in that study. But it would probably have led to further reductions in burial time and improved …

Kayaking Equipment – Always the Lifesaver

Kayaking vacations can be of great fun and thrill. However, along with enjoyment you have to be safe. You always have to make sure your kayaking equipment is ready for use. It is not wise to throw off kayak from your garage and into the water. Always check your equipment to make sure that there are no holes, no cracks, and no damage to the kayak before it is used.
Make sure to check the kayak spring leaks before using them. You should also prepare other equipments for kayaking such as:
1. Dress intelligently: Always dress as per the temperature of the water and not air. Do not let being cold, ruin a beautiful day on the river.
2. Headgear: This is necessary. Make sure to choose with a chinstrap to prevent icy flushes, top 10 best wood for furniture hold in your earplugs and clip onto your kayak helmet for safekeeping between session.
3. VHF radios: Compact very high frequency radios can be extremely useful piece of signaling equipment and a good way to maintain group contact across the water. They work everywhere. You get excellent weather information. Always buy one, which is durable, waterproof and a battery pack operated if the power runs out.
4. First Aid Kit: Few things in a paddlers gear are as important as a well-stocked first aid kit. Wound dressings, cleaners, splints, medicines and other assorted hardware mundane items that can add up to the difference between enjoyable trip and a painful unending nightmare.
5. GPS Navigation: A handheld Global positioning system receiver can be extremely useful piece of navigation gear when paddling through unfamiliar areas or traveling alone. These cell phone sized devices can show your location on the globe to within several meters.
6. PFD: “Personal flotation devices”, “Life jackets” or “Life vests” whatever you call them, you cannot do without them while paddling. This is the first thing you need. It is a matter of life and death.
7. Rope: Rope was probably one of the humanity’s earliest tools. It can be used for multi- purpose things, rescue, haul a pack of food, tarp into a shelter, hiking and trekking.
8. Knife: This is the most vital tool a person can have in the outdoor environment especially food industry companies the marine time environment. It is a life saving tool. A sharp knife is a safe knife.
9. Bags and boxes: Waterproof bags and boxes are must to store your supplies. They should be of different sizes to store different things. Disposal bags are necessary.
10. Spray skirts: This prevents water from pouring into the cockpit of your favourite kayak.
11. Paddles: Paddles of right size and weight makes paddling a breeze. They should be easy to handle and maneuver.
12. Pumps: Always have one that fits most standard inflatable kayaks valves. Helps to inflate and deflate your kayak at the end of each trip. Take it with you on the water. It should be rust free.
All these equipments …