Flu Vaccine: 2 Types Of Vaccinations
According to the 2011 reports of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, out of 5,823 specimens examined by the National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System and the US World Health Organization, 1,754 (30.1%) specimens were found positive for influenza. Nearly 36,000 people in the US die annually from the flu. One of the best ways to protect yourself against such infection is to get a flu vaccine.
Flu or Influenza is a highly contagious and serious respiratory illness caused by RNA viruses. The disease is transmitted through airborne aerosols, created by coughing or sneezing. Also, it can be transmitted by direct contact with contaminated surfaces and objects, such as bird droppings. Some common symptoms of flu are chills, fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body ache, headache, fatigue, vomiting and diarrhea.
Flu Vaccine: Know the Different Types
According to the CDC, a recently discovered virus, the 2009 H1N1 virus, is expected to affect people during the 2010 and 2011 flu season. The only way to safeguard equipment maintenance checklist oneself against 2009 H1N1 as well as other influenza viruses is via the 2010-2011 flu vaccine. There are two types of flu vaccinations available in the market:
Flu Shot Vaccine
This type of vaccination is an inactivated vaccination that contains killed influenza virus. The killed virus is injected into the muscles with help of a needle. Once injected, the body’s immune system is stimulated to produce antibodies to fight off the virus. Therefore, when the active influenza virus enters the body, the antibodies already know to attack the major types of maintenance and kill it. The flu shot vaccination is administered as a single dosage of 0.5ml liquid. The vaccine is injected through the skin, usually into the deltoid muscle, on the side of the arm. The flu shot can be safely given to children aged 6 months and older, pregnant women, healthy individuals and people suffering from chronic medical conditions.
Nasal Spray Vaccine
The nasal spray vaccine is also known as the Live Attenuated Influenza Vaccine or LAIV. Several studies have revealed that the attenuated flu vaccine can show better efficacy in preventing flu than the inactivated vaccine, especially in children. The spray is made from the same strains of the influenza virus used in the flu shot, but contains the living though weakened virus, instead of dead ones. The vaccine is given with the help of a nasal spray instead of a syringe. The FDA has approved the vaccine to be used in non-pregnant, healthy individuals aged between 2 and 49 years.
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